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Introduction to Sericulture, What is Sericulture-Scope of Sericulture, Origin and history of Sericulture Industry in India and other countries, Silk route.
World output of Silk, other natural fibres- Present status of silk production. Importance of natural fiber vis-a-vis manmade fibre, Role of silk fiber amongst natural fibres.
Silk Industry in World with special reference to China, Japan and India. Silk industry in silk producing states of India viz. Bengal, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir; mulberry areas, sericulture villagers, no. of families, Coco
Characteristics of Sericulture Industry, International demand of Silk and constrains in Silk production like labour, land and environmental conditions.
4.1 & 4.2 Definition of soil, Introduction to soil forming factors; Soil properties: Physical viz. Texture, structure, colour, permeability and air contents; soil water-Importance, moisture content.
4.3 Soil properties: Chemical viz. Ion exchange (anions and cations) and its significance, soil organic matter, Carbon-Nitrogen ratio and its significance.
4.4 Important soil types of India viz. alluvial, black, red, laterites and lateritic soils. Acidic and alkaline soils and their problems; reclamation.
2.1 Role of Central Silk Board in research and development of Sericulture in different states of India; Sericulture research and Development in Jammu And Kashmir State.
2.2 Introduction to mulberry silkworm and its food plants-what is mulberry sericulture
2.3 Characteristic features of different varieties of mulberry with special reference to J&K State. Different uses of mulberry
2.4 Introduction to non mulberry silkworm and brief account of their food plants. Different species of non-mulberry silkworm, their habit and habitat.
5.2 Source of nutrient elements in soil and their role in plant growth, including their deficiency and toxicity
5.3 Soil and water conservation including types and causes of soil erosion.
5.1 Mulberry growth and nutrition; essential elements, their types; Integrated plant Nutrient management.
5.4 Soil micro-organisms, their types and role in plant nutrition.
5.5 Soil pollution and Waste management
3.3 Introduction to seed organization-What is seed organization. Need for seed organization.
3.4 Role of Women in Sericulture-Women participation in mulberry garden and rearing management-Silk reeling-Twisting, weaving and finishing.
3.1 Grading of silk and brief account of Silk conditioning and Testing.
3.2 Employment potential of Sericulture industry in rural India, with special reference to J&K State.
Introduction to Sericulture & Soil Sciences USETC-101
Gurvinder Raj Verma